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dr. Rahul Mathur
Associate Consultant - Internal Medicine
MD (Gold Medalist)
Dr. Raman Mathur
Experienced Emergency Physician In Jaipur
MBBS, DNB Emergency Medicine
Asthma & Allergy
Thyroid Disorders Treatment In Jaipur
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in front of the windpipe in the neck. The function of the thyroid is to secrete hormones that modulate and regulate the functioning of the body. Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) are thyroid hormones. These hormones are secreted directly into the blood by the thyroid gland and travel to various parts of the body. These hormones control the metabolic activities of the body.
Thyroid-related diseases such as Hyperthyroidism or Hypothyroidism occur due to disturbances in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is also called the thyroid gland. The thyroid glands are one of the largest endocrine glands found in the human body.
This biceps structure is located in our neck at approximately the same level as the cricoid cartilage below the larynx. The thyroid gland plays a special role in the metabolic process of the body.
This thyroid gland secretes hormones called Tri–iodothyronine (T3) and Thyrocalcitonin. These hormones affect the body's metabolic rate and other growth mechanisms. The thyroid hormone controls the speed of all the processes of our body.
What are Thyroid Disorders:
Abnormal functioning or any deviation in thyroid hormone levels is a sign of a thyroid disorder. The main hormones used as indicators are.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH): This is a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland (master gland) in the brain. The production of the thyroid hormones T3 and T4 is controlled by TSH. T3 and T4 in turn reduce the secretion of TSH.
Thyroxine (T4): This is one of the hormones secreted by the thyroid that regulates the basal metabolic rate as well as protein synthesis.
Triiodothyronine (T3): It acts similar to T4 but is more potent and is secreted in lesser amounts.
Your body benefits from thyroid:-
Thyroxine hormone controls the metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.
It reduces the amount of sugar, cholesterol, and phospholipids in the blood.
Controls bones, muscles, and sexual and mental growth.
Controls heart rate and blood pressure.
Increases lactation in women.
There are two types of thyroid gland disorders-
Overactivity of the thyroid gland leads to the overproduction of T4 and T3 hormones. When these hormones are produced in excess, the body starts using energy in more quantity. This is called hyperthyroidism. This problem is seen more in women than in men. These are the symptoms of its identification:-
Due to the excess thyroid hormone, the metabolism in the body increases, and everything starts happening faster.
Shaking of hands
Hair thinning and loss.
Insomnia (trouble falling asleep)
Muscle weakness and pain.
Weight loss occurs even after feeling very hungry.
Menstrual irregularities are seen in women.
Osteoporosis occurs, due to which calcium in the bone is rapidly depleted.
Hypothyroidism occurs due to underactivity of the thyroid. It can be identified by these problems:-
Always be tired.
Being more sensitive to cold.
Weight gain due to slowing of metabolism.
Thinning and cracking of nails.
Reduction in sweating
Skin dryness and itching.
Joint pain and muscle stiffness.
Excessive hair fall
Swelling in the eyes
To forget again and again
Being confused, unable to understand.
Irregularity in menstruation. 28 days cycle to be 40 days or more.
Swelling of face and eyes.
Increased level of cholesterol in the blood.
In women, it can cause infertility.
The reasons for having thyroid can be:-
Living a more stressful life affects the activation of thyroid hormones.
Thyroid glands are particularly affected due to low or high iodine intake in the diet.
This disease can also be genetic. If other family members have also had this problem, then other family members can also have this problem.
An imbalance in thyroid hormones is seen in women during pregnancy, as many hormonal changes take place in the body of women during this time.
Due to excessive use of soy products in food.
Treatments for Thyroid Disorders:
The treatment of thyroid disorders depends on the type of disorder the patient is suffering from. The main lines of treatment for thyroid disorders are medical, surgical, hormonal, and radiation.
Simple (non-toxic) Thyroid:
Medicine: Iodine Supplementation Surgical: Subtotal thyroidectomy, in which both the lobe of the thyroid and the isthmus are removed, but some of the areas at the junction of the trachea and esophagus is preserved.
Medical: Antithyroid drugs that reduce the production of thyroid hormones.
Radiation: Radioactive iodine tablets help destroy thyroid tissue to achieve a euthyroid state.
Surgical: This is usually the last option if the medical line and radiation therapy have failed. Either a total thyroidectomy or a subtotal thyroidectomy is performed.
Thyroid Disorders Treatment in Jaipur:
Looking for "Thyroid Disorders Treatment in Jaipur"?
Must book an appointment with Dr. Rahul Mathur - Md Gold Medalist (General Physician in Jaipur) at Swasthya Super-Speciality Clinic, Dr. Rahul Mathur has more than 9 years of experience in treating thyroid disorders with a hundred percent success rate. book an instant appointment if you have a condition like this at +91 8504994718.
FAQ: Thyroid Disorders Treatment in Jaipur
Q. 1 What are the problems associated with enlarged thyroid?
Ans: The problems associated with thyroid disorders are described in the above symptoms. There are problems, especially arising from the enlargement of the thyroid.
Dyspnea (breathlessness) due to compression of the trachea
Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing) due to compression of the esophagus
Hoarseness of voice due to compression of the laryngeal nerve (the nerve that supplies the vocal cords).
A fainting attack due to compression of the common carotid artery that carries blood to the brain.
Q. 2 Is thyroid disease incurable?
Ans: No, like any disease; Thyroid treatment is also possible. The thyroid can be treated with medicines, surgery, etc. It is important to consult a doctor immediately if any thyroid disease is suspected.
Q. 3 Is a thyroid test done on an empty stomach?
Ans: No, fasting is not required for thyroid function tests.
Q.4 - Is a thyroid problem serious?
Ans: There are various types of thyroid disorders, from harmless goiters (or enlarged glands) to life-threatening thyroid cancers. The two most common thyroid problems occur when thyroid hormones are abnormally produced. Medical attention is required for both conditions.
Q.5 - At what age do thyroid problems start?
Ans: When these hormones are overproduced, they can cause unpleasant and potentially serious problems. In women and between the ages of 20 and 40, overactive thyroid is about 10 times more common than in men.