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dr. Rahul Mathur
Associate Consultant - Internal Medicine
MD (Gold Medalist)
Dr. Raman Mathur
Experienced Emergency Physician In Jaipur
MBBS, DNB Emergency Medicine
Asthma & Allergy
Diabetes Treatment In Jaipur
Diabetes is a lifelong disease. It is a metabolic disorder in which the level of glucose in the blood of the patient is very high. When a person's body does not produce enough insulin and the cells of the body do not respond properly to insulin. Against this, the production of insulin is very important for the body as it transports glucose from the blood to the cells of the body. That is why, when insulin is not made in the right amount, then it also affects the body metabolism of the victim.
Types of Diabetes:
From the food we eat, the body gets glucose which the cells use to provide energy to the body. If insulin is not present in the body, then it cannot do its work properly and cannot deliver glucose from the blood to the cells. Due to this glucose accumulates in the blood itself and excess glucose in the blood can prove to be harmful. There are generally 3 types of diabetes-
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes and
Gestational diabetes is a problem of high blood sugar during pregnancy.
When the body is not able to use the glucose or sugar present in the blood properly. Then, the person develops the problem of diabetes. Generally, the main causes of diabetes can be these conditions-
According to the increased blood sugar in the body of the victim, the symptoms of diabetes appear in him. In most cases, if a person is suffering from pre-diabetes or type-2 diabetes, there are no symptoms at the beginning of the problem. However, in patients with type 1 diabetes, the symptoms of diabetes appear very rapidly and are also quite severe. The main symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are-
Being very thirsty
Sudden increase or decrease in body
Take too long to heal
Diagnosis of Diabetes:
In case of symptoms of diabetes or diabetes, the doctor should be contacted. Some of these tests may be advised to diagnose diabetes-
A1C test or Glycohemoglobin Test:
This type of test is done for type 2 diabetes. In, the patient has to undergo a blood test once every 3 months, and his average blood glucose level is checked. The A1C test measures the level of glucose in the blood in numbers ranging from 5 to 10. If the test report shows a figure below 5.7 then it is normal. But if someone's A1C level is seen as more than 6.5%, then he is called a patient with diabetes.
Fasting Plasma Glucose Test:
This is the most common blood test to understand the status of high blood sugar. For this test, a person has to give a blood sample while on an empty stomach. For which one is asked to starve for 10-12 hours. After that fasting plasma glucose test is done. This test is done to detect diabetes or prediabetes.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test:
In this test too, a blood sample is taken while on an empty stomach. Two hours before the test, the patient is given a beverage containing glucose.
Random Glucose Tolerance Test:
In this type of test, the blood sample of the victim is tested 4 times. If the blood sugar level is found to be more than twice the normal, then the pregnant woman is confirmed to have gestational diabetes.
There is no permanent cure for type 1 diabetes, therefore, a person has to be a patient of type 1 diabetes for the rest of his life. Such people have to take insulin with the help of which they try to control their condition. However, the symptoms of type-2 diabetes can be relieved without any medicine by exercising daily, balanced diet, having a timely breakfast, and controlling weight. Helps in controlling type-2 diabetes with the help of the right diet. Apart from this, some oral antibiotics medicines help prevent type 2 diabetes from progressing.
Ans: Fatigue, headache, blurred vision, recurrent infection (weakening of the immune system), discomfort in the private part, and rapid heartbeat are early symptoms of diabetes. If you feel any one of these symptoms or more than one, contact the doctor immediately, otherwise, the problem may increase later.
Q. 2 What is the cause of diabetes?
Ans: When less insulin reaches the pancreas of the body, the amount of glucose in the blood increases. This condition is called diabetes. Insulin is a hormone produced by the digestive gland in our body. Its job is to convert food into energy.
Q. 3 What should be the blood sugar according to age?
Ans: If you are 40-50 years old, then your fasting blood sugar level can be 90 to 130 mg/dL. Ra level should be less than 140 mg/dl after lunch. At the same time, after dinner, the blood sugar level of 150 mg/dl comes in the normal range. Similarly, for those aged 50-60 years, the fasting sugar level should be 90 to 130 mg/dL.
Q. 4 How is diabetes diagnosed?
Ans: How to identify high sugar level: fainting, nausea, blurred vision, Difficulty concentrating on things, frequent feeling of thirst.
Q. 5 What are the 10 warning signs of diabetes?
Ans: Early symptoms of high sugar levels include sweating, feeling tired, dizzy, hungry, tingling in the lips, trembling or trembling, fast or pounding heartbeats (palpitations), being easily irritated, restless, anxious, or moody, and twisted Are included.